According to UNICEF, half of Haitian children under 5 are malnourished, which can cause developmental delays, affect school performance and impact life long earnings and success. Most families in rural areas in Haiti depend on agriculture for income, but the country does not produce enough crops and imports more than 50 percent of its food to feed its communities. The Kellogg Foundation supports many partners who are working collaboratively on the complex challenges faced by Haitian families.
In 2006, in response to high rates of pediatric malnutrition, the organization Partners in Health (PIH) created a highly nutritious, peanut-based, therapeutic food called Nourimanba. The product does not need to be mixed with water or require refrigeration, which is highly important for families without access to electricity or clean water sources.
In 2013, with support from the Kellogg Foundation, an 18,000 square foot production facility was built in the city of Mirebalais to produce 60,000 kilograms of Nourimanba each year. Production from this facility treats 6,000 cases of malnutrition annually.
The newly established Nourimanba facility has the capacity to process more than 100 tons of peanuts each year. To increase the positive impact of the production facilities in the region, the organization Partners in Health (PIH) agreed to purchase peanuts directly from local farmers at above-market price. This arrangement is beneficial to farmers and their families as it provides a guaranteed market for their crop and a reliable income, thereby improving the financial security of farming families.
The organization Technoserve partnered with PIH and the Kellogg Foundation to develop a strategy to increase the quality and quantity of peanuts in Haiti. Since 2014, the organization trained more than 1,000 farmers on peanut production best practices. In just one year the participating farmers increased their yields by 51 percent. Technoserve also has trained 42 individual entrepreneurs, mostly women, to deliver services to farmers such as land preparation and fungicide aspersion. By 2016, the project is expected to double the number of farmers and entrepreneurs who benefit from this production.
In January 2014, the Clinton Giustra Enterprise Partnership Initiative launched Acceso Peanut Enterprise Corporation (APEC), a peanut supply chain project in Haiti aimed at improving Haitian smallholder livelihoods through market connections. Haitian smallholders struggle to invest in long-term production assets like micro-orchards that significantly increase incomes, diversify risks and satisfy domestic and international demand.
Acceso is helping farmers diversify their crops to include sorghum, castor, lime, mango and sisal. With support from the Kellogg Foundation, up to 4, 650 farmers will gain access to long-term production assets such as mango, lime and sisal micro-orchards. This project will help targeted smallholder farmers to produce a diverse and strategic basket of crops that responds to market demand while increasing farmer incomes and overall competitiveness.
The continuous training of Haitian farmers is vital not only to the success of Nourimanba production but also to the country as a whole. Partners in Agriculture was established in 2013 to introduce new and innovative ways of farming to improve and increase crop yields, helping small farmers earn extra income, which ensures the health and education of their children. The organization established a community vocational school in Mirebalais, the Centre de Formation Fritz Lafontant (CFFL), to provide education to new generations of youth and farmers. One of CFFL’s goals is to improve the region’s capacity in peanut cultivation, among other crops, by supporting Nourimanba productions through agriculture trainings to farmers in the community of Mirebalais.